Berith the Great Duke of Hell

Posted on 06/04/2019
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Berith is a great duke of hell governing 26 legions. He is called Beal, Berith by the Jews, and Bolfri by necromancers. He is also worshipped by the...

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  Berith is a great duke of hell governing 26 legions. He is called Beal, Berith by the Jews, and Bolfri by necromancers. He is also worshipped by the Sichemites, and possibly the same as Beroth of Sanchoniaton, whom some believe to be Pallas or Diana. He appears as a soldier dressed in red, riding a red horse and wears a crown on his head. One must have a magic ring to control him. He knows of past/present/future events, gives dignities, aids in singing ability, and is often known as the demon of the alchemists for his avidity to change metals into gold.

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  According to the author of Solide tresor du Petit Albert, Berith is no more than a goblin or elf.“I found myself, he said, in a house where a familiar spirit had manifested for six years taking car eof winding the clock and currying the horses. I was curious one morning to examine these proceedings: my astonishment was great to see a curry-comb running over the hindquarters of a horse that appeared to be done by no visible hand. The groom told me that to attract the familiar to his service, he had taken a small black chicken, which he had bled at a great crossroad; that with its blood he had written on a scrap of paper: ‘Berith will come to my aid for twenty years, and I will recompense him;’ next having buried the chicken a foot deep in the earth, that same day the familiar had taken care of the clock and some horses, and that from time to time game the groom things which were worth something…”
Others believe him to be a mandrake or a sylph.

 Pseudomonarchia daemonum – Johann Wier (1583) (quoted)


  Berith is a great and a terrible duke and hath three names. Of some he is called Beall; of the Jewes Berithi; of Nigromancers Bolfry: he commeth fourth as a red soldier, with red clothing, and upon a horse of that color, and a crown on his head. He answereth truly of things present, past, and to come. He is compelled at certeine hours, through divine virtue, by a ring of art magic. He is also a lier, he turneth all metals into gold, he adorneth a man with dignities, and confirmeth them, he speaketh with a clear and a subtle voice, and six and twenty legions are under him.


  Goetia – S. L. MacGregor Mathers (1904) (quoted)


  The Twenty-eighth Spirit in Order, as Solomon bound them, is named Berith. He is a Mighty, Great, and Terrible Duke. He hath two other Names given unto him by men of later times, viz.: BEALE, or BEAL, and BOFRY or BOLFRY. He appeareth in the Form of a Soldier with Red Clothing, riding upon a Red Horse, and having a Crown of Gold upon his head. He giveth true answers, Past, Present, and to Come. Thou must make use of a Ring in calling him forth, as is before spoken of regarding Beleth.17 He can turn all metals into Gold. He can give Dignities and can confirm them unto Man. He speaketh with a, very clear and subtle Voice. He governeth 26 Legions of Spirits. His Seal is this, etc.


  Baʿal Berith ("Lord of the Covenant") and El Berith ("God of the Covenant") are two gods, or one god, worshiped in Shechem, in ancient Israel.[1] The term "covenant" (Hebrew Berith) appears also in Ugaritic texts (second millennium BCE) as brt, in connection with Baʿal,[1] and perhaps as Beruth in Sanchuniathon's work.

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   Judges is the only Biblical book that mentions Baʿal Berith and El Berith.[2][3][4] It is not clear whether they are separate forms of the gods Baʿal and El or are actually one god. Scholars suppose that he or they may have been worshipped for connections to fertility and vegetation, based on another passage in Judges. Also unclear is what covenant or covenants are referred to by the name Berith.

  Elsewhere, some of the Shechemites are called "men of Hamor" this is compared to "sons of Hamor", which in the ancient Middle East referred to people who had entered into a covenant sealed by the sacrifice of a hamor, an ass. "Children" or "sons of Hamor" itself appears in Genesis and Joshua, in both of which, as in Judges, Hamor is called the father of Shechem. Genesis also features a man named Hamor who ruled in the area of Shechem and had a son named Shechem.


  Berith also known as Baal-Berith ("Baal of the Covenant") was the god of the Canaanite city, who later came to be viewed as the demon Baalberith by Christian demonology. According to the Book of Judges, his temple was destroyed when Abimelech quelled the rising of his subjects. The name denotes a form of Ba'al-worship prevailing in Israel, according to the Book of Judges, and particularly in Shechem. The term "Ba'al" is shown by the equivalent "El-berith" to mean "the God of the Covenant." The 'Covenant' (Hebrew: Berith) to which this refers may refer to treaties such as one with the Canaanitic league of which Shechem was the head or the covenant between Israel and the people of Shechem. The term is considered by some to be too abstract to have been occasioned by a single set of conditions. Moreover, the temple of the god in Shechem implies a permanent establishment. Probably the name and the cult were widespread and ancient (see Baalim), though it is mentioned only in connection with the affairs of Shechem.
Berith is the Hebrew word for covenant, it was originated from the Akkadian (Babylonian) word 'Biritu' which means to 'fetter' or 'to bond'. Baal Berith was a form of Baal worshiped in Berith (Beirut), Phoenicia. He is also called Beal, Berith, Bofry, Bolfry, and Bolfri by necromancers. In Alchemy Berith was the element with which all metals could be transmuted into gold, surely derived from the name of the demon Berith.

  Rabbinic tradition equates Baʿal Berith with Beelzebub, the god of Philistine Ekron.

Sanchuniathon's account

  In his euhemeristic account of the Phoenician deities, Sanchuniathon says that a certain Elioun, called also "the Most High", and a female named Beruth dwelt in the neighborhood of Byblos, on the coast of present-day Lebanon. They had two children—a male called Epigeius/Autochthon/Sky and a daughter called Earth. Because of the latter pair's beauty, the sky and the earth, respectively, were named after them. According to Sanchuniathon it is from Sky and Earth that El and various other deities are born, though ancient texts refer to El as a creator of heaven and earth. A relationship with Hebrew bərīt ("covenant") or with the city of Beirut have both been suggested for Beruth. The Hittite theogony knows of a primal god named Alalu who fathered Sky (and possibly Earth) and who was overthrown by his son Sky, who was in turn overthrown by his (Sky's) son Kumarbi. A similar tradition seems to be on the basis of Sanchuniathon's account.

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Rabbinic literature

  The idol Baalberith, which the Jews worshipped after the death of Gideon, was identical, according to the Rabbis, with Baal-zebub, "the ba'al of flies," the god of Ekron (II Kings i. 2). He was worshipped in the shape of a fly; and Jewish tradition states that so addicted were the Jews to his cult that they would carry an image of him in their pockets, producing it, and kissing it from time to time. Baal-zebub is called Baal-berith because such Jews might be said to make a covenant (Hebrew: "Berit") of devotion with the idol, being unwilling to part with it for a single moment (Shab. 83b; comp. also Sanh. 63b). According to another conception, Baal-berith was an obscene article of idolatrous worship, possibly a simulacrum priapi (Yer. Shab. ix. 11d; 'Ab. Zarah iii. 43a). This is evidently based on the later significance of the word "berit," meaning circumcision.

  The idol Baʿal Berith, which the Jews worshipped after the death of Gideon, was identical, according to the Rabbis, with Baʿal Zebub, "the lord of flies," the god of Ekron (2 Kings 1:2). He was worshipped in the shape of a fly; and Jewish tradition states that so addicted were the Jews to his cult that they would carry an image of him in their pockets, producing it, and kissing it from time to time. Baʿal Zebub is called Baʿal Berith because such Jews might be said to make a covenant (Hebrew: Berith) of devotion with the idol, being unwilling to part with it for a single moment (Shab. 83b; comp. also Sanh. 63b). According to another conception, Baʿal Berith was an obscene article of idolatrous worship, possibly a simulacrum priapi (Yer. Shab. ix. 11d; 'Ab. Zarah iii. 43a). This is evidently based on the later significance of the word "Berit," meaning circumcision.


Christianity

  Baalberith was the chief secretary of the Underworld, head of its public archives, and the demon who tempted men to blasphemy and murder. When seated among the princes of the Underworld, he was usually seen as a pontiff. He tells things of the past, present, and future with true answers; he can also turn all metals into gold, give dignities to men and confirm them. He was also quite a voluble sort: according to the Admirable History written by Father Sebastien Michaelis in 1612, Baalberith once possessed a nun in Aix-en-Provence. In the process of the exorcism, Baalberith volunteered not only his own name and the names of all the other demons possessing her but the names of the saints who would be most effective in opposing them.

  According to the Admirable History written by Father Sebastien Michaelis in 1612, Baʿal Berith once possessed a nun in Aix-en-Provence. In the process of the exorcism, Baʿal Berith volunteered not only his own name and the names of all the other demons possessing her but the names of the saints who would be most effective in opposing them.

Author: Stela Jurisa; Copyrighted © mysticfiles.com
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